Welcome to Natural Science Unit, School of General Studies, University of Nigeria, Nsukka. The topic of this lecture is HIV/HIDS: Treat to Human Society.
Discovered in early 80s, Human immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) is a retrovirus identified as the causative agent of Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS). AIDS is a disorder of the immune system which is characterized by marked reduction in the population of T-cell lymphocytes which are very crucial in maintaining immunity against diseases. The major routes of transmission are sexual contact, contamination of blood or blood products and mother-to-new born transmission.
Based on projected
HIV estimates for 2014, ≈3,391,546 are
living with HIV in Nigeria while it is estimated that 227,518 new HIV
infections occurred in 2014 (male 103,917 and female 123,601). Nigeria has a record of 174,253
notified cases of death secondary to AIDS related diseases in 2014.