The course covers the cultural, literary and ideological background of Palestinian Judaism into which Jesus Christ was born, emphasizing the conflict between Judaism and Hellenism, Torah Religion, Sects and Parties, the Rabbis and their influence in first century Judaism, the Temple and it Rituals, Basic Religious Institutions in first century Judaism, the sacred writings and apocalyptic literature, the message and method of apocalyptic as they relate to the New Testament. The problem of the Tradition of the Elders during the time of Jesus is examined.
course examines the geography and climate, roads and hill paths, towns and
villages, Houses, Clothes, food and Drink, Education, flowers and birds of Palestine during the time
of Jesus. Two centres of Jesus’ Ministry – Capernaum
and its neighbourhood, as well as Jerusalem
(the last week) are examined. This will help the student to appreciate why some
critical statements were made by the New Testament characters.
This course discusses the movement and
development in early Christianity up to the close of the writing of the
canonical books of the New Testament. The place of the New Testament for
Christianity is taught. Biblical criticisms, Jesus of history and Christ of
faith, the New Quests are explained. How the need for Church Government and
discipline, pseudoepigraphy and heresy became a major and critical issue in the
course focuses students’ attention on the beginnings of Christianity
emphasizing development of theological thoughts on the Kingdom of God, Synoptic
kerygma and Christian self-awareness as a distinct community, the socio-ethical
problems associated with the Church
changing from a religious movement to religious institution, their failure to
win the Jews, the Fall of Jerusalem in 70 AD, Hellenistic Christianity and
Jewish Christianity, factors that
helped the spread of Christianity, re-interpretation of Jesus traditions in the
light of Easter experience are taught.